This report provides a gender analysis of national and state poverty and income data for 2012, released by the Census Bureau in September 2013. The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) supplies this analysis, as it has for several years, because little information broken out by gender is available directly from the Census Bureau’s series of reports titled Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States. Determining, for example, if there were changes to the poverty rates for black women or women 65 and older living alone, or the gap between the earnings of Hispanic women and white, non-Hispanic men, requires examining separate detailed Census Bureau tables – which is the way NWLC prepared this report. Insecure & Unequal provides a snapshot of poverty and income data in 2012, nationally and by state – and documents changes in poverty and the wage gap nationally from 2011 to 2012 and since 2000. However, its scope is largely confined to statistical analysis; it does not attempt to capture what poverty and economic insecurity mean in real terms for women, their families, and their futures.